Despite the carnage across the Channel, the First World War was almost wholly positive for London. Full employment and huge advances in living standards brought the grinding poverty of the pre-war era almost to an end. Public health was improved. Women’s lives were transformed. In the capital converged the many threads of Britain’s war: munitions were manufactured; soldiers on their way to or from active service passed through in their hundreds of thousands; refugees sought new lives. Then there were the citizens – patriots and pacifists, clergymen and thieves, bluestockings and prostitutes – all dependent on war’s shifting fortunes. This book presents a struggling yet flourishing city.